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Design, Installation, Maintenance & Troubleshooting Active and Passive Optical Networks
Course Description
This Hands-On 2-day course is designed to provide technicians with Hands-On practical experience and understanding the difference between ACTIVE and Passive Optic Networks (PONs). It will explain the difference of the two systems and how they provide the many services in FTTH applications.. This course provides the knowledge and skills to help students design, install, test and maintain Active and Passive Optical Networks (PONs) Fiber-to the-Home (FTTH) systems.
Students Will Learn
Target Audience
Technicians, installers, splicers, contractors, union craftsman, facilities managers, telecom managers, electricians, and anyone involved in repairing, installing, maintaining, designing, evaluating, or provisioning ACTIVE and PASSIVE FTTH systems.
A basic understanding of telecommunications and basic fiber optic splicing, termination
and testing is required prior to taking this course. This information can be obtained in
our course(s)
-TeleCom Networks Today I or II
-Hands-On Fiber Optic ISP OSP
Course Outline

Module I:       Fiber Optic Refresher:

Students must have the prerequisite (BTS Hands-On Fiber ISP/OSP Combo course) or equivalent knowledge of these topics covered in this Module I section, this is just a refresher only, and again this familiarization is expected.

•    Fiber optic theory and waveguide functions.
•    Singlemode and Multimode fiber types.
•    The causes of Attenuation, Optical Reflection and Refraction.
•    Optical Dispersion characteristics and Pulse Spreading issues.
•    The three basic elements of fiber optic systems & discuss their uses.
•    Loose Tube and Unitube Style Trunk Cables
•    Distribution and Feeder Cables.
•    Fiber color code
•    Fusion Splicer Applications and Fiber Alignment Systems
•    Mechanical Splicing Uses and Applications
•    Optical Connector Styles and Applications
•    Back Reflection Issues and Angled Physical Contact Connectors
•    Patch panels and functions for distribution and transmission
•    Entrance Facility design and specifications
•    OSP/PON’s Style Splice Closure styles and function
•    Cable Entry Methods and Splitter Configurations
•    Drop Cable Connectivity and Security
•    Cable Installation Methods as Direct Bury, Aerial and Ducted
•    Safety Practices
•    Complete fusion splice
•    Complete mechanical splice
•    Using power meter and light source test loss budget of system

Module II:      PONs Systems and Applications

•    PON Network Design Features
•    Standards and Work Groups as FSAN, ITU & IEEE
•    PON Architectures as APON, EPON, BPON, GPON, FTTH/ FTTx
•    PON Topologies for Urban and Rural communities
•    PON System End Equipment
•    Splitters, ONU’s/ONT’s/OLT’s/ODN’s
•    PON Transmitters and Receivers
•    WDM Technology with FTTH Systems
•    Visible Light Sources, OTDR’s and Power Meters
•    Testing Methods for PON’s Networks
•    PON OTDR Testing through splitters
•    PON Optical Loss Testing Methods
•    Design considerations for PON’s Networks
•    Building a System Loss Budget
•    And more...

Module III:    ACTIVE Systems and applications

•    ACTIVE network design features
•    ACTIVE architectures
•    Explanation of WDM used in ACTIVE systems
•    Testing at the different wavelengths
•    And more...

Module IV:    FTTx Construction and Testing  

•    Safe Cable Preparation Techniques
•    Closure Types used in FTTH Applications
•    Closure Preparation
•    Install Prepared OSP Cable into PON Closure
•    Fiber Routing to Splice Trays
•    Patch Panel Types and Fiber Dressing
•    Patch Panel Splice Tray Fiber Routing
•    PON Splitter Design and Installation Procedures
•    And more…

Module V:     FTTH splicing – Connectorization - Testing

•    Splice PON splitter pigtail to OSP fiber
•    Splice FTTH ONU pigtail to fiber drop
•    Inspection procedures for FC/ST/SC connectors
•    Install appropriate connectors on 3mm jacketed jumper
•    Install breakout kit on OSP fiber cable
•    Install connector on 900u buffered fiber
•    Qualify and test splices and connectors
•    And more...

Module VI:    Active/PON(FTTH) Qualification and Troubleshooting

•    PON wavelength and I of R OTDR Set-up Procedures
•    Testing at different wavelengths for ACTIVE systems
•    Measure Fiber Lengths, Events and Losses
•    Measure Reflectance for Acceptance
•    Measure Splitters for Acceptable Loss
•    FTTH System Test Traces
•    FTTH Loss Testing Procedures
•    Power Testing Levels
•    And more…

Delivery Method
Instructor led with numerous Hands-On labs and exercises.
Equipment Requirements
(This apply's to our hands-on courses only)
BTS always provides equipment to have a very successful Hands-On course. BTS also encourages all attendees to bring their own equipment to the course. This will provide attendees the opportunity to incorporate their own gear into the labs and gain valuable training using their specific equipment.
Course Length
2 Days

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